Guangping Sunlight.

Michael J . Ombrello, M.D., Elaine F. Remmers, Ph.D., Guangping Sunlight, M.D., Alexandra F. Freeman, M.D., Shrimati Datta, Ph.D., Parizad Torabi-Parizi, M.D., Naeha Subramanian, Ph.D., Tom D. Bunney, Ph.D., Rhona W. Baxendale, Ph.D., Marta S. Martins, Ph.D., Neil Romberg, M.D., Hirsh Komarow, M.D., Ivona Aksentijevich, M.D., Hun Sik Kim, Ph.D., Jason Ho, Ph.D., Glenn Cruse, Ph.D., Mi-Yeon Jung, Ph.D., Alasdair M. Gilfillan, Ph.D., Dean D.

Randomization Eligibility criteria were entered into a secure online database of the Nottingham Clinical Trials Device before randomization, which was performed with the use of a computer-generated sequence, in random permuted blocks of different size and with stratification by recruiting site randomly. Identically packaged study patches were dispensed, and all individuals and study personnel were unacquainted with the scholarly research assignments. Data Collection At baseline, saliva samples were collected for cotinine measurements, and the next data were collected: the score on the Heaviness of Smoking Index17 , age, number of cigarettes smoked daily before pregnancy, partner’s smoking status, weeks of gestation, race or ethnic group, age at leaving full-time education, parity, previous usage of nicotine-replacement therapy during the current pregnancy, height, and weight.